The black eye is caused by bleeding beneath the skin around the eye. Sometimes a black eye indicates a more serious injury, even a skull fracture. Although most injuries are not serious, bleeding within the eye, called a hyphema, is serious and can reduce vision and damage the cornea. Follow these steps to take care of a
Using gentle pressure, apply ice or a cold pack to the area around the eye for 10 to 15 minutes. Be careful not to press on the eye itself. Apply cold as soon as possible after the injury to reduce swelling.
Be sure there is no blood in the white and colored parts of the eye.
Seek medical attention immediately if you experience vision problems, (such as double vision or blurring), severe pain or bleeding in the eye or from the nose.